Community Resource Mapping and Mobilization Project (RMM)

In Afghanistan the on-going war brings many social uncertainties. Women and girls are especially at risk: 87% of the Afghan women experience sexual and/or physical violence in their lives. Although the minimum age for marriage under Afghan law is 16, it is estimated that still 60% of the girls is forced to marry before that age. These young girls often end up in the hospital with severe physical injuries and psychological trauma. With the Community Resource Mapping and Mobilization (RMM) project, the social determinants of health are addressed.

Women backbone of the programme
The backbone of the RMM programme is the on-going support of 15 female focal points in each of the target provinces. Health Works trains and enables them to set up local (sub) groups in order to generate plans and actions towards an increase in their autonomy. Topics that are being addressed are related to stress management, health and hygiene, women’s rights, coping with family violence, peace building, gender in Islam, children’s rights, vaccination etc. After the training each woman creates her own network, resulting in an enhanced reach of the programme.  

Key elements of the project:

a)    Training and education

b)    Operational research

c)    Capacity building

d)    Awareness raising
 

Activities and results include: 

  • In 9 provinces assessments of women’s needs, resources and constraints took place 
  • 212 projects are completed by the trained focal points at the end of 2012
  • 3,136 village women have directly benefited from these projects
  • Family violence decreased and happiness in life increased
  • Economic conditions have improved (culture of joint venture is developed)
  • Women have increased knowledge on women’s role in Islam and the Quran and have greater awareness of women’s rights
  • Support group sessions were organized for women with similar problems